Breast Cancer Surgery
Types of Breast Cancer Surgeries
Breast cancer surgery can be divided into 2 primary categories: mastectomy (complete removal of breast) and lumpectomy (breast conserving surgery).
Skin Sparing Mastectomy
In a skin sparing mastectomy, all of the breast tissue is removed during the surgery. However, the skin is left intact for immediate reconstruction. Many women are choosing this method because they are able to retain a natural looking breast, along with minimal scar tissue.
Simple or Total Mastectomy
A total mastectomy involves the entire removal of the breast tissue, leaving the surrounding lymph nodes and pectoral muscles intact. Many times, both breasts are removed in high risk cancer patients.
A radical mastectomy used to be the most commonly performed breast cancer removal surgeries. It involves the entire removal of all breast tissue, surrounding tissue, underlying pectoral muscles, and the surrounding axillary lymph nodes. It has primarily been replaced by modified radical mastectomies (see below). However, it may still be implemented when there is evidence of cancer in the lymph nodes on physical examination or with large tumors.
Modified Radical Mastectomy
Unlike the radical mastectomy, a modified radical mastectomy does not remove the underlying pectoral muscle. Instead, it is the removal of all the breast tissue and surrounding axillary lymph nodes.
A lumpectomy is breast cancer surgery involving the removal of the lump, along with a small amount of surrounding tissue. Afterwards, radiation and possibly chemotherapy (depending on tumor characteristics) is commonly instituted to ensure complete treatment and decrease risk of recurrence of cancer in the future.
Sentinel Lymph Node Biopsy
When mastectomies and lumpectomies are done for cancer diagnosis, the lymph nodes must be sampled in order to confirm the presence or abscence of spread. This is done as part of the operation and may require an additional incision.
We Are Here to Help
This is just a brief overview of the various types of breast cancer surgeries that can be performed. Please don’t hesitate to make an appointment we can answer any and all questions you may have. You can call Highlander Surgical Associates at 817-419-9200or request an appointment via our online form.
Highlander Surgical Associates is here to help you on your road to recovery.